Unveiling the genetic potential of Lablab: A gateway to enhanced livestock nutrition

By Admin
3 Min Read

In the quest to meet the growing demand for animal-based proteins, researchers at NaLIRRI embarked on a study to unlock the untapped potential of Lablab as a resource for food and feed. Lablab, a versatile legume native to Africa and Asia, has long been valued for its adaptability and nutritional richness. However, its full potential remains a mystery.

Led by a team of dedicated scientists including Swidiq Mugerwa, Julius Pyton Sserumaga, Siraj Ismail Kayondo, Muhammad Kiggundu, Abasi Kigozi, Clementine Namazzi, Herbert Galinya, James Bugeza, Hussein Kato Walusimbi, Allen Molly, Geofrey Nviiri, and Matovu Moses, NaLIRRI conducted a groundbreaking research delved into the genetic variation of nutritional quality traits of 51 Lablab accessions.

The study, recently published in the esteemed Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology, is a significant milestone in agricultural research. The researchers unveiled a wealth of insights into the nutritional composition of Lablab grains, shedding light on crucial components such as crude protein, ether extracts, crude fiber, moisture, ash, nitrogen-free extracts, metabolizable energy, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, and dry matter.

Key findings from the study underscored the substantial genetic variation present within Lablab populations, with genotype variance explaining a remarkable 76.7% for CP and 89% for ash (total mineral elements) of the total variance. Significantly, the researchers identified high nutritional and mineral components, providing basis for more targeted breeding aimed at enhancing livestock nutrition.

Of particular interest was the revelation of genotype T47, which exhibited the highest values for proximate and mineral composition. This promising accession holds the key to elevating crude protein content within Lablab populations, thereby facilitating the development of protein-dense varieties essential for both food and feed applications.

Further analysis unveiled distinct groupings among proximate and mineral components, providing invaluable guidance for strategic breeding initiatives. With this newfound knowledge, researchers are set to leverage Lablab’s genetic diversity to develop superior varieties tailored to meet the evolving needs of livestock farmers.

In a country struggling with the challenge of competition for soybean as a crude protein source and the threat of yield losses due to diseases, Lablab emerges as a beacon of hope set to revolutionize livestock nutrition.

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